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Johannesburg

Johannesburg, also known as eGoli (place of gold), is the largest and most populous city in South Africa.   Johannesburg is the provincial capital of Gauteng, the wealthiest province in South Africa, and the largest economy of any metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africa. The city is one of the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the world, and Africa's only officially designated global city (classified as a gamma world city).  

Johannesburg is not one of South Africa's three capital cities, but does however, house the South African Constitutional Court. Johannesburg is the source of a large-scale gold and diamond trade, due to its location on the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills. Johannesburg is also served by O.R. Tambo International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in Africa and a gateway for international air travel to and from the rest of southern Africa.

Despite the relatively dry climate, Johannesburg has about six million trees, and it is often claimed that the city has the largest man-made forest in the world. Many trees were originally planted in the northern areas of the city at the end of the 19th century, to provide wood for the mining industry.
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